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Monday, October 10, 2011

Build Your Foxhole Radio

During World War II, GIs in the field built really amazing simple radios to listen
too. These were made with materials that they could get their hands on and were
small enough to carry around in a big pocket. You can modify this design if you
want to set it up so that it’s tuneable too!


This project is similar to a simple crystal radio but crystals were hard to get ahold
of for the soldiers and so they made do. Radio making runs in my family. My
Grandpa Charlie made his own radios in the 30s and during the war as well. In
fact, in a recent email, he mentioned that they were encouraged to make radios and
“learn by doing.” Radios were the hottest technology of the time and after the
exhilaration of getting this radio work, I can understand!

You may not be able to get it to work at the first hookup. I had problems with my
razor blade and then also had problems getting the ground the wire attached tightly
enough to the radiator to make a grounding connection.

Safety

There aren’t many safety issues here except for lightning and fire and the razor
blades. Never put an antenna up in a storm. There are lots of stories on the
internet about radio enthusiast’s projects getting struck by lightning. Also, for this
project I used a propone torch to blue my razor blade. Take all the safety
precautions necessary to avoid burning and cutting yourself. You’re responsible
for your own safety!

Supplies

• Toilet paper tube
• Razor blade (If you can find a Blue one like the “PAL Super Single Edge”
then great. Otherwise, you’ll have to blue it by heating it up)
• Earphone
• Large safety pin
• Wood pencil stub
• Magnet wire
• A scrap of wood
• Paper clips
• Tacks

Make it!

The Coil – I made this with magnet wire I had lying around. I’ve seen radios made
with really thin wire, like I used, to thicker wire almost as thick as a staple. I used
tape to hold it to the cardboard tube, but in retrospect, poking a hole and tying it on
would be better. Wrap the wire around the tube 120 times and take time to make it
smoosh together. I kept getting distracted from counting, so I ended up counting
after winding. If it’s not exact, it shouldn’t be a problem. The amount of coils
does matter for the radio station. If you get a station in sorta good, but it’s not
perfect, you may be able to correct that by adding extra loops.

The Detector – Soldiers were given blued razor blades as part of their supplies.
The bluing is some sort of oxidized coating from getting heated up, it probably
keeps it sharper for longer. My research says that a rusted razor blade may work
too. For me, I blued it with a propane torch and when I wiped it off after it had
cooled, there was a layer of oxide on it and it was blue and purplish gray. I tried rusting a razor blade, but maybe it was stainless steel or something because it just
wouldn’t rust. Salt water would be the best way to do it, but I just wasn’t patient
enough!

The Cat Whisker – Take a pencil stubb and poke the graphite with a safety pin.
This works as a diode, but this is magic to me. If you can explain it simply, drop a
note in the comments!

Earphone – I used an old-school earphone from my bat detector project last year,
but if you don’t have one, I would try out the earphones you already have before
buying a new one.

Antenna – I stripped a cat6 cable and used one wire to hang out the window. My
wire is about 25 feet long, but longer is better!

Ground – I attached a wire onto the radiator. If you don’t have a radiator you
could drive a coat hanger into the ground and wind a wire to that.



 Hook it all together – I used brass tacks to keep it all together and paperclips to
connect all the wires.

 Making it work – The first time I tried this, it didn’t work. It was frustrating, but I
just went through my materials, blued the razor blade and it worked. The second
time I tried to get it to work, I couldn’t get a station, I just got buzz. I played with
everything and finally figured out that the ground connection wasn’t very good.

When I fixed that, I was able to hear sports talk radio! One of the interesting things
is that it works better or worse depending on where you put the pencil lead on the
razor blade. If it doesn’t work the first time, don’t give up! Every project you
work on can have 100% success as long as you don’t mind mistakes and redoing
things!

from: http://cdn.makezine.com/make/wp_foxholeradio.pdf


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